Low-Jitter Design for Second-Order Time-to-Digital Converter Using Frequency Shift Oscillators

Keisuke OKUNO
Toshihiro KONISHI
Shintaro IZUMI

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E98-A    No.7    pp.1475-1481
Publication Date: 2015/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E98.A.1475
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Design Methodologies for System on a Chip)
TDC,  FSO,  jitter,  design methodology,  

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We present a low-jitter design for a 10-bit second-order frequency shift oscillator time-to-digital converter (FSOTDC). As described herein, we analyze the relation between performance and FSOTDC parameters and provide insight to support the design of the FSOTDC. Results show that an oscillator jitter limits the FSOTDC resolution, particularly during the first stage. To estimate and design an FSOTDC, the frequency shift oscillator requires an inverter of a certain size. In a standard 65-nm CMOS process, an SNDR of 64dB is achievable at an input signal frequency of 10kHz and a sampling clock of 2MHz. Measurements of the test chip confirmed that the measurements match the analyses.