Spectral Domain Noise Modeling in Compressive Sensing-Based Tonal Signal Detection

Chenlin HU  Jin Young KIM  Seung Ho CHOI  Chang Joo KIM  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E98-A   No.5   pp.1122-1125
Publication Date: 2015/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E98.A.1122
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Digital Signal Processing
compressive sensing,  tonal signal detection,  noise modeling,  

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Tonal signals are shown as spectral peaks in the frequency domain. When the number of spectral peaks is small and the spectral signal is sparse, Compressive Sensing (CS) can be adopted to locate the peaks with a low-cost sensing system. In the CS scheme, a time domain signal is modelled as $oldsymbol{y}=Phi F^{-1}oldsymbol{s}$, where y and s are signal vectors in the time and frequency domains. In addition, F-1 and $Phi$ are an inverse DFT matrix and a random-sampling matrix, respectively. For a given y and $Phi$, the CS method attempts to estimate s with l0 or l1 optimization. To generate the peak candidates, we adopt the frequency-domain information of $ esmile{oldsymbol{s}}$ = $oldsymbol{F} esmile{oldsymbol{y}}$, where $ esmile{y}$ is the extended version of y and $ esmile{oldsymbol{y}}left(oldsymbol{n} ight)$ is zero when n is not elements of CS time instances. In this paper, we develop Gaussian statistics of $ esmile{oldsymbol{s}}$. That is, the variance and the mean values of $ esmile{oldsymbol{s}}left(oldsymbol{k} ight)$ are examined.