Approximation Method for Obtaining Availability of a Two-Echelon Repair System with Priority Resupply

Yosuke AIZU  Tetsushi YUGE  Shigeru YANAGI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E98-A   No.5   pp.1077-1084
Publication Date: 2015/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E98.A.1077
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Reliability, Maintainability and Safety Analysis
two-echelon,  priority resupply,  emergency order,  k-out-of-n,  approximation method,  

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We propose a reality-based model of a two-echelon repair system with “priority resupply” and present a method for analyzing the availability of the system operated in each base. The two echelon repair system considered in our model consists of one repair station, called depot, and several bases. In each base, n items which constitute a k-out-of-n: G system, called k/n system, are operated. Each item has two failure modes, failures repaired at a base (level 1) and failures repaired at the depot (level 2). When a level 2 failure occurs in a base, either a normal order or an emergency order of a spare item is issued depending on the number of operating items in the base. The spare item in the depot is sent preferentially to the base where the emergency order is placed. We propose two models, both including priority resupply. Firstly, we propose an approximation method for analyzing the basic model where a k/n system is operated in a base. Using a simulation method, we verify the accuracy of our approximation method. Secondly, we expand the basic model to a dual k/n system where the items of the system are interchangeable between two k/n systems in the case of an emergency, which is called “cannibalization”. Then, we show a numerical example and discuss the optimal timing for placing an emergency order.