Power-Efficient Instancy Aware DRAM Scheduling

Gung-Yu PAN  Chih-Yen LAI  Jing-Yang JOU  Bo-Cheng Charles LAI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E98-A   No.4   pp.942-953
Publication Date: 2015/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E98.A.942
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Systems and Control
Keyword: 
DRAM,  dynamic power management,  energy-aware systems,  scheduling,  

Full Text: PDF(1.5MB)>>
Buy this Article




Summary: 
Nowadays, computer systems are limited by the power and memory wall. As the Dynamic Random Access Memory (DRAM) has dominated the power consumption in modern devices, developing power-saving approaches on DRAM has become more and more important. Among several techniques on different abstract levels, scheduling-based power management policies can be applied to existing memory controllers to reduce power consumption without causing severe performance degradation. Existing power-aware schedulers cluster memory requests into sets, so that the large portion of the DRAM can be switched into the power saving mode; however, only the target addresses are taken into consideration when clustering, while we observe the types (read or write) of requests can play an important role. In this paper, we propose two scheduling-based power management techniques on the DRAM controller: the inter-rank read-write aware clustering approach greatly reduces the active standby power, and the intra-rank read-write aware reordering approach mitigates the performance degradation. The simulation results show that the proposed techniques effectively reduce 75% DRAM power on average. Compared with the existing policy, the power reduction is 10% more on average with comparable or less performance degradation for the proposed techniques.