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Improved Direction-of-Arrival Estimation for Uncorrelated and Coherent Signals in the Presence of Multipath Propagation
Xiao Yu LUO Ping WEI Lu GAN Hong Shu LIAO
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
Publication Date: 2015/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Digital Signal Processing
direction of arrival, uncorrelated signals, coherent signals, multipath propagation, rotational invariance techniques, spatial smoothing principle,
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Recently, Gan and Luo have proposed a direction-of-arrival estimation method for uncorrelated and coherent signals in the presence of multipath propagation . In their method, uncorrelated and coherent signals are distinguished by rotational invariance techniques and the property of the moduli of eigenvalues. However, due to the limitation of finite number of sensors, the pseudo-inverse matrix derived in this method is an approximate one. When the number of sensors is small, the approximation error is large, which adversely affects the property of the moduli of eigenvalues. Consequently, the method in  performs poorly in identifying uncorrelated signals under such circumstance. Moreover, in cases of small number of snapshots and low signal to noise ratio, the performance of their method is poor as well. Therefore, in this letter we first study the approximation in  and then propose an improved method that performs better in distinguishing between uncorrelated signals and coherent signals and in the aforementioned two cases. The simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed method.