Third-Order Nonlinear IIR Filter for Compensating Nonlinear Distortions of Loudspeaker Systems

Kenta IWAI
Yoshinobu KAJIKAWA

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E98-A    No.3    pp.820-832
Publication Date: 2015/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E98.A.820
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Digital Signal Processing
loudspeaker system,  nonlinear distortion,  nonlinear IIR filter,  mirror filter,  

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In this paper, we propose a 3rd-order nonlinear IIR filter for compensating nonlinear distortions of loudspeaker systems. Nonlinear distortions are common around the lowest resonance frequency for electrodynamic loudspeaker systems. One interesting approach to compensating nonlinear distortions is to employ a mirror filter. The mirror filter is derived from the nonlinear differential equation for loudspeaker systems. The nonlinear parameters of a loudspeaker system, which include the force factor, stiffness, and so forth, depend on the displacement of the diaphragm. The conventional filter structure, which is called the 2nd-order nonlinear IIR filter that originates the mirror filter, cannot reduce nonlinear distortions at high frequencies because it does not take into account the nonlinearity of the self-inductance of loudspeaker systems. To deal with this problem, the proposed filter takes into account the nonlinearity of the self-inductance and has a 3rd-order nonlinear IIR filter structure. Hence, this filter can reduce nonlinear distortions at high frequencies while maintaining a lower computational complexity than that of a Volterra filter-based compensator. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed filter outperforms the conventional filter by more than 2dB for 2nd-order nonlinear distortions at high frequencies.