Asynchronous Cellular Automaton Model of Spiral Ganglion Cell in the Mammalian Cochlea: Theoretical Analyses and FPGA Implementation

Masato IZAWA  Hiroyuki TORIKAI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E98-A   No.2   pp.684-699
Publication Date: 2015/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E98.A.684
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Nonlinear Problems
Keyword: 
asynchronous cellular automaton,  nonlinear response,  spiral ganglion cell,  mammalian cochlea,  FPGA,  

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Summary: 
The mammalian cochlear consists of highly nonlinear components: lymph (viscous fluid), a basilar membrane (vibrating membrane in the viscous fluid), outer hair cells (active dumpers for the basilar membrane), inner hair cells (neural transducers), and spiral ganglion cells (parallel spikes density modulators). In this paper, a novel spiral ganglion cell model, the dynamics of which is described by an asynchronous cellular automaton, is presented. It is shown that the model can reproduce typical nonlinear responses of the spiral ganglion cell in the mammalian cochlea, e.g., spontaneous spiking, parallel spike density modulation, and adaptation. Also, FPGA experiments validate reproductions of these nonlinear responses.