Practice and Evaluation of Pagelet-Based Client-Side Rendering Mechanism

Hao HAN  Yinxing XUE  Keizo OYAMA  Yang LIU  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E97-D   No.8   pp.2067-2083
Publication Date: 2014/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.E97.D.2067
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Software Engineering
Keyword: 
rendering mechanism,  template engine,  Web application,  Web UI,  XML,  XSLT,  Java,  JavaScript,  JSP,  DOM scripting,  DHTML,  mashup,  Web service,  rich client,  mobile browser,  MVC,  JSON,  

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Summary: 
The rendering mechanism plays an indispensable role in browser-based Web application. It generates active webpages dynamically and provides human-readable layout through template engines, which are used as a standard programming model to separate the business logic and data computations from the webpage presentation. The client-side rendering mechanism, owing to the advances of rich application technologies, has been widely adopted. The adoption of client side rendering brings not only various merits but also new problems. In this paper, we propose and construct “pagelet”, a segment-based template engine for developing flexible and extensible Web applications. By presenting principles, practice and usage experience of pagelet, we conduct a comprehensive analysis of possible advantages and disadvantages brought by client-side rendering mechanism from the viewpoints of both developers and end-users.