Two-Step Boosting for OSN Based Sybil-Resistant Trust Value of Non-Sybil Identities

Kyungbaek KIM  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E97-D   No.7   pp.1918-1922
Publication Date: 2014/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.E97.D.1918
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Information Network
Sybil attack,  random walk,  social network graph,  Sybil-resistant trust value,  boosting method,  

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In the design of distributed systems, defending against Sybil attack is an important issue. Recently, OSN (Online Social Network)-based Sybil defending approaches, which use the fast mixing property of a social network graph with sufficient length of random walks and provide Sybil-resistant trust values, have been proposed. However, because of the probabilistic property of the previous approaches, some honest (non-Sybil) identities obtain low trust value and they are mistakenly considered as Sybil identities. A simple solution of boosting the trust value of honest identities is using longer random walks, but this direct boosting method also increases trust values of Sybil identities significantly. In this paper, a two-step boosting method is proposed to increase the Sybil-resistant trust value of honest identities reasonably and to prevent Sybil identities from having high trust values. The proposed boosting method is composed of two steps: initializing the trust value with a reasonably long random walks and boosting the trust value by using much longer random walks than the first step. The proposed method is evaluated by using sampled social network graphs of Facebook, and it is observed that the proposed method reduces the portion of honest identities mistakenly considered as Sybil identities substantially (from 30% to 1.3%) and keeps the low trust values of Sybil identities.