Parallel-Snake with Balloon Force for Lane Detection

Xiangyang LI  Xiangzhong FANG  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E97-D   No.2   pp.349-352
Publication Date: 2014/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.E97.D.349
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Artificial Intelligence, Data Mining
Keyword: 
lane detection,  parallel-snake,  planar homography,  

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Summary: 
Lane detection plays an important role in Driver Assistance Systems and Autonomous Vehicle System. In this paper, we propose a parallel-snake model combined with balloon force for lane detection. Parallel-snake is defined as two open active contours with parallel constrain. The lane boundaries on the left and right sides are assumed as parallel curves, parallel-snake is deformed to estimate these two boundaries. As lane regions between left and right boundaries usually have low gradient, snake will lose external force on these regions. Furthermore, inspired by balloon active contour model, the balloon force is introduced into parallel-snake to expand two parallel curves from center of road to the left and right lane boundaries. Different from closed active contour, stretching force is adopted to prevent the head and tail of snake from converging together. The experimental results on three different datasets show that parallel-snake model can work well on images with shadows and handle the lane with broken boundaries as the parallel property.