Region-Based Distributed Estimation Using Quantized Data

Yoon Hak KIM  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E97-D   No.12   pp.3155-3162
Publication Date: 2014/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2014EDP7063
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Information Network
distributed estimation,  maximum a posteriori (MAP),  quantization,  source localization,  sensor networks,  

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In this paper, we consider distributed estimation where the measurement at each of the distributed sensor nodes is quantized before being transmitted to a fusion node which produces an estimate of the parameter of interest. Since each quantized measurement can be linked to a region where the parameter is found, aggregating the information obtained from multiple nodes corresponds to generating intersections between the regions. Thus, we develop estimation algorithms that seek to find the intersection region with the maximum likelihood rather than the parameter itself. Specifically, we propose two practical techniques that facilitate fast search with significantly reduced complexity and apply the proposed techniques to a system where an acoustic amplitude sensor model is employed at each node for source localization. Our simulation results show that our proposed algorithms achieve good performance with reasonable complexity as compared with the minimum mean squared error (MMSE) and the maximum likelihood (ML) estimators.