Study on Arc Characteristics of a DC Bridge-type Contact in Air and Nitrogen at Different Pressure

Xue ZHOU  Mo CHEN  Xinglei CUI  Guofu ZHAI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E97-C   No.9   pp.850-857
Publication Date: 2014/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E97.C.850
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Recent Development of Electro-Mechanical Devices (IS-EMD2013))
Category: 
Keyword: 
bridge-type contacts,  dc arcs,  copper contacts,  arc behaviors,  gas pressure,  

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Summary: 
High voltage DC contactors, for operation at voltage levels up to at least about 300 volts, find their increasing markets in applications such as electrical vehicles and aircrafts in which size and weight of cables are of extreme importance. The copper bridge-type contact, cooperated with magnetic field provided by permanent magnets and sealed in an arc chamber filled with high pressure gases, is a mainly used structure to interrupt the DC arc rapidly. Arc characteristic in different gases at different pressure varies greatly. This paper is focused on the arc characteristics of the bridge-type contact system when magnetic field is applied with nitrogen and gas at different pressure. The pressure of the gases varies from 1 atm to 2.5 atm. Arc characteristics, such as arc durations at different stages and arc motions in those gases are comparatively studied. The results are instructive for choosing the suitable arcing atmosphere in a DC bridge-type arc chamber of a contactor.