Design of A Wideband Filter With Attenuation Poles Using A Novel Parallel-Coupled Three-line Unit Based on Cross-Coupling

Chun-Ping CHEN  Junya ODA  Tetsuo ANADA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E97-C   No.7   pp.689-696
Publication Date: 2014/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E97.C.689
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Recent Advances in Simulation Techniques and Their Applications for Electronics)
Category: 
Keyword: 
Parallel-coupled Three-Line,  Cross-Coupling,  Wideband Filter,  UWB,  Attenuation poles,  Steep skirt selectivity,  Out-band,  Bandpass Filter (BPF),  

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Summary: 
To implement a wideband bandpass filter with improved skirt-selectivity and out-band characteristics, a new parallel-coupled three-line unit with two short-circuited stubs symmetrically-loaded at the center line is proposed. Unlike most traditional ones, the passband of the proposed parallel-coupled three-line structure is based on the cross-coupling between non-adjacent lines rather than the direct-coupling between adjacent ones, whereas a pair of attenuation poles is found in the stopbands. After revealing its work mechanism, an efficient filter-design-scheme is correspondingly proposed for the presented structure. Firstly, based on a chebyshev-filter synthesis theory, a wideband passband filter consisting of a parallel-coupled two-line and two short-circuited stubs loaded at the input- and output- ports is designed. Furthermore, by putting a properly-designed 3/4-wavelength stepped-impedance resonator (SIR) in between the parallel-coupled two lines, two attenuation poles are then realized at the frequencies very close to the cutoff ones. Accordingly, the roll-off characteristics of the filter are significantly-improved to greater than 100 dB/GHz. Furthermore, two-section open-ended stubs are used to replace the short-circuited ones to realize a pair of extra attenuation poles in stopbands. To validate the proposed techniques, a wideband filter with a bandwidth of 3-5 GHz (Fractional bandwidth (FBW) = (5 GHz-3 GHz)/4 GHz =50%) was designed, simulated, fabricated and measured. The measured responses of the filter agree well with the simulation and theoretical ones, which validates the effectiveness of the newly-proposed three-line unit and the corresponding design scheme.