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Polarimetric Coherence Optimization and Its Application for Manmade Target Extraction in PolSAR Data
Shun-Ping XIAO Si-Wei CHEN Yu-Liang CHANG Yong-Zhen LI Motoyuki SATO
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics
Publication Date: 2014/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Electromagnetic Theory
synthetic aperture radar (SAR), polarimetry, coherency matrix, covariance matrix, rotation, coherence optimization, correlation coefficient, manmade target,
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Polarimetric coherence strongly relates to the types and orientations of local scatterers. An optimization scheme is proposed to optimize the coherence between two polarimetric channels for polarimetric SAR (PolSAR) data. The coherence magnitude (correlation coefficient) is maximized by rotating a polarimetric coherence matrix in the rotation domain around the radar line of sight. L-band E-SAR and X-band Pi-SAR PolSAR data sets are used for demonstration and validation. The coherence of oriented manmade targets is significantly enhanced while that of forests remains relatively low. Therefore, the proposed technique can effectively discriminate these two land covers which are easily misinterpreted by the conventional model-based decomposition. Moreover, based on an optimized polarimetric coherence parameter and the total backscattered power, a simple manmade target extraction scheme is developed for application demonstration. This approach is applied with the Pi-SAR data. The experimental results validate the effectiveness of the proposed method.