State-Dependence of On-Chip Power Distribution Network Capacitance

Kazuya MASU
Takashi SATO

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E97-C    No.1    pp.77-84
Publication Date: 2014/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E97.C.77
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Integrated Electronics
CMOS logic circuit,  state-dependent capacitance model,  capacitance measurement,  PDN-capacitance,  parasitic capacitance,  

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In this paper, the measurement of capacitance variation, of an on-chip power distribution network (PDN) due to the change of internal states of a CMOS logic circuit, is studied. A state-dependent PDN-capacitance model that explains measurement results will be also proposed. The model is composed of capacitance elements related to MOS transistors, signal and power supply wires, and substrate. Reflecting the changes of electrode potentials, the capacitance elements become state-dependent. The capacitive elements are then all connected in parallel between power supply and ground to form the proposed model. By using the proposed model, state-dependence of PDN-capacitances for different logic circuits are studied in detail. The change of PDN-capacitance exceeds 12% of its total capacitance in some cases, which corresponds to 6% shift of anti-resonance frequency. Consideration of the state-dependence is important for modeling the PDN-capacitance.