Peculiar Characteristics of Amplification and Noise for Intensity Modulated Light in Semiconductor Optical Amplifier

Kazuki HIGUCHI  Nobuhito TAKEUCHI  Minoru YAMADA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E97-C   No.11   pp.1093-1103
Publication Date: 2014/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E97.C.1093
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Lasers, Quantum Electronics
semiconductor optical amplifier,  intensity noise,  RIN,  intensity modulation,  S/N ratio,  

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Amplification characteristics of the signal and the noise in the semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA), without facet mirrors for the intensity modulated light, are theoretically analyzed and experimentally confirmed. We have found that the amplification factor of the temporarily varying intensity component is smaller than that of the continuous wave (CW) component, but increases up to that of the CW component in the high frequency region in the SOA. These properties are very peculiar in the SOA, which is not shown in conventional electronic devices and semiconductor lasers. Therefore, the relative intensity noise (RIN), which is defined as ratio of the square value of the intensity fluctuation to that of the CW power can be improved by the amplification by the SOA. On the other hand, the signal to the noise ratio (S/N ratio) defined for ratio of the square value of the modulated signal power to that of the intensity fluctuation have both cases of the degradation and the improvement by the amplification depending on combination of the modulation and the noise frequencies. Experimental confirmations of these peculiar characteristics are also demonstrated.