Distribution of Attention in Augmented Reality: Comparison between Binocular and Monocular Presentation

Akihiko KITAMURA  Hiroshi NAITO  Takahiko KIMURA  Kazumitsu SHINOHARA  Takashi SASAKI  Haruhiko OKUMURA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E97-C   No.11   pp.1081-1088
Publication Date: 2014/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E97.C.1081
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Section on Electronic Displays)
augmented reality,  monocular observation,  useful field of view,  visual attention,  optical see-through,  

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This study investigated the distribution of attention to frontal space in augmented reality (AR). We conducted two experiments to compare binocular and monocular observation when an AR image was presented. According to a previous study, when participants observed an AR image in monocular presentation, they perceived the AR image as more distant than in binocular vision. Therefore, we predicted that attention would need to be shifted between the AR image and the background in not the monocular observation but the binocular one. This would enable an observer to distribute his/her visual attention across a wider space in the monocular observation. In the experiments, participants performed two tasks concurrently to measure the size of the useful field of view (UFOV). One task was letter/number discrimination in which an AR image was presented in the central field of view (the central task). The other task was luminance change detection in which dots were presented in the peripheral field of view (the peripheral task). Depth difference existed between the AR image and the location of the peripheral task in Experiment 1 but not in Experiment 2. The results of Experiment 1 indicated that the UFOV became wider in the monocular observation than in the binocular observation. In Experiment 2, the size of the UFOV in the monocular observation was equivalent to that in the binocular observation. It becomes difficult for a participant to observe the stimuli on the background in the binocular observation when there is depth difference between the AR image and the background. These results indicate that the monocular presentation in AR is superior to binocular presentation, and even in the best condition for the binocular condition the monocular presentation is equivalent to the binocular presentation in terms of the UFOV.