A High Quality Autostereoscopy System Based on Time-Division Quadplexing Parallax Barrier

Qu ZHANG  Hideki KAKEYA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E97-C   No.11   pp.1074-1080
Publication Date: 2014/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E97.C.1074
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Section on Electronic Displays)
Category: 
Keyword: 
parallax barrier,  time-division multiplexing,  viewing zone,  flickers,  moire pattern,  

Full Text: FreePDF


Summary: 
In this paper, we introduce a parallax barrier system that shows high definition autostereoscopy and holds wide viewing zone. The proposed method creates a 4-view parallax barrier system with full display resolution per view by setting aperture ratio to one quarter and using time-division quadplexing, then applies obtained 4-view to 2-view, so that the viewing zone for each eye becomes wider than that from the conventional methods. We build a prototype with two 120 Hz LCD panels and manage to achieve continuous viewing zone with common head-tracking device involved. However, moire patterns and flickers stand out, which are respectively caused by the identical alignments of the color filters on the overlaid LCD panels and a lack of refresh rate of 240 Hz. We successfully remove the moire patterns by changing the structure of the system and inserting a diffuser. We also reduce the flickers by proposing 1-pixel aperture, while stripe shaped noise due to the lack of refresh rate occurs during a blink or a saccade. The stripe noise can be effectively weakened by applying green and magenta anaglyph to the proposed system, where extra crosstalk takes place since the default RGB color filters on LCD panels share certain ranges of wavelength with each other. Although a trade-off turns out to exist between stripe noise and crosstalk from our comparison experiment, results from different settings all hold acceptable quality and show high practicability of our method. Furthermore, we propose a solution that shows possibility to satisfy both claims, where extra color filters with narrow bandwidths are required.