Performance Analysis of Cooperative-ARQ Schemes in Free-Space Optical Communications

Vuong V. MAI  Anh T. PHAM  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E97-B   No.8   pp.1614-1622
Publication Date: 2014/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E97.B.1614
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on EU's FP7 ICT R&D Project Activities on Future Broadband Access Technologies in Conjunction with Main Topics of 2013 IEICE ICT Forum)
FSO,  cooperative diversity,  ARQ,  energy efficiency,  

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We theoretically analyze the performance of free-space optical (FSO) systems using cooperative-ARQ (C-ARQ), a joint scheme of automatic-repeat-request (ARQ) and cooperative diversity, over atmospheric turbulence channels. We also propose a modified C-ARQ (M-C-ARQ) scheme that allows relay nodes to store a copy of frames for the more efficient response to transmission failure so that both transmission delay and energy consumption can be improved. Using Markov chain-based analytical models for both schemes, the system performance is analytically studied in terms of frame-error rate, goodput and energy efficiency, which directly reflect the transmission delay and energy consumption. Numerical results confirm that the proposed schemes outperform conventional ones. In addition, we discuss cross-layer design strategies for selecting parameters in both physical and link layers in order to optimize the performance of FSO systems over different atmospheric turbulence conditions and channel distances.