Performance Evaluation and Link Budget Analysis on Dual-Mode Communication System in Body Area Networks

Jingjing SHI
Daisuke ANZAI
Jianqing WANG

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E97-B    No.6    pp.1175-1183
Publication Date: 2014/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E97.B.1175
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
body area networks,  dual-mode communication system,  bit error rate,  link budget,  

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Wireless body area networks (BANs) are attracting great attention as a future technology of wireless networks for healthcare and medical applications. Wireless BANs can generally be divided into two categories, i.e., wearable BANs and implant BANs. However, the performance requirements and channel propagation characteristics of these two kinds of BANs are quite different from each other, that is, wireless signals are approximately transmitted along the human body as a surface wave in wearable BANs, on the other hand, the signals are transmitted through the human tissues in implant BANs. As an effective solution for this problem, this paper first introduces a dual-mode communication system, which is composed of transmitters for in-body and on-body communications and a receiver for both communications. Then, we evaluate the bit error rate (BER) performance of the dual-mode communication system via computer simulations based on realistic channel models, which can reasonably represent the propagation characteristics of on-body and in-body communications. Finally, we conduct a link budget analysis based on the derived BER performances and discuss the link parameters including system margin, maximum link distance, data rate and required transmit power. Our computer simulation results and analysis results demonstrate the feasibility of the dual-mode communication system in wireless BANs.