Opportunistic Decouple-and-Forward Relaying: Harnessing Distributed Antennas

Jaeyoung LEE  Hyundong SHIN  Jun HEO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E97-B   No.6   pp.1148-1156
Publication Date: 2014/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E97.B.1148
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO),  symbol error probability,  orthogonal space-time block codes (OSTBCs),  amplify-and-forward (AF) relaying,  

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In this paper, we consider decouple-and-forward (DCF) relaying, where the relay encodes and amplifies decoupled data using orthogonal space-time block codes (OSTBCs), to achieve the maximum diversity gain of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) amplify-and-forward (AF) relaying. Since the channel status of all antennas is generally unknown and time-varying for cooperation in multi-antenna multiple-relay systems, we investigate an opportunistic relaying scheme for DCF relaying to harness distributed antennas and minimize the cooperation overheads by not using the global channel state information (CSI). In addition, for realistic wireless channels which have spatial fading correlation due to closely-spaced antenna configurations and poor scattering environments, we analyze the exact and lower bound on the symbol error probability (SEP) of the opportunistic DCF relaying over spatially correlated MIMO Rayleigh fading channels. Numerical results show that, even in the presence of spatial fading correlation, the proposed opportunistic relaying scheme is efficient and achieves additional performance gain with low overhead.