Time-Domain Windowing Design for IEEE 802.11af Based TVWS-WLAN Systems to Suppress Out-of-Band Emission

Keiichi MIZUTANI  Zhou LAN  Hiroshi HARADA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E97-B    No.4    pp.875-885
Publication Date: 2014/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E97.B.875
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
TV white spaces (TVWS),  IEEE 802.11af,  OFDM,  time-domain windowing,  digital convolution filter,  spectrum mask,  

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This paper proposes out-of-band emission reduction schemes for IEEE 802.11af based Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) systems operating in TV White Spaces (TVWS). IEEE 802.11af adopts Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) to exploit the TVWS spectrum effectively. The combination of the OFDM and TVWS may be able to solve the problem of frequency depletion. However the TVWS transmitter must satisfy a strict transmission spectrum mask and reduce out-of-band emission to protect the primary users. The digital convolution filter is one way of reducing the out-of-band emission. Unfortunately, implementing a strict mask needs a large number of filter taps, which causes high implementation complexity. Time-domain windowing is another effective approach. This scheme reduces out-of-band emission with low complexity but at the price of shortening the effective guard interval. This paper proposes a mechanism that jointly uses these two schemes for out-of-band emission reduction. Moreover, the appropriate windowing duration design is proposed in terms of both the out-of-band emission suppression and throughput performance for all mandatory mode of IEEE 802.11af system. The proposed time-domain windowing design reduces the number of multiplier by 96.5%.