Coordinated Interleaving Access Scheme for IEEE 802.11p Wireless Vehicular Networks

Shiann-Tsong SHEU
Yen-Chieh CHENG
Jung-Shyr WU
Frank Chee-Da TSAI
Luwei CHEN

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E97-B    No.4    pp.826-842
Publication Date: 2014/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E97.B.826
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
DSRC,  IEEE 802.11p,  interleaving,  multi-channel,  WAVE,  

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The emerging Wireless Access in Vehicular Environment (WAVE) architecture, which aims to provide critical traffic information and Internet services, has recently been standardized in the IEEE 802.11p specification. A typical WAVE network consists of one road-side-unit (RSU) and one or more on-board-units (OBUs), wherein the RSU supports one control channel (CCH) and one or more service channels (SCH) for the OBUs to access. Generally, an OBU is equipped with a single transceiver and needs to periodically switch between the CCH and one of the SCHs in order to receive emergency messages and service information from the CCH and to deliver Internet traffic over an SCH. Synchronizing all OBUs to alternatively access the CCH and SCHs is estimated to waste as much as 50% of the channel's resources. To improve efficiency, we propose an innovative scheme, namely coordinated interleaving access (CIA) scheme, which optimizes the SCH throughput by smartly grouping the OBUs to let them access the CCH and SCHs in an interleaved and parallel manner. To further the capability of CIA scheme, an enhanced version is also proposed to handle the case where OBUs with multiple transceivers. Performance analysis and evaluation indicates that the proposed CIA scheme achieves a significant improvement in resource. Thus it can be advantageous to adapt it into the IEEE 802.11p protocol for its adoption in multi-channel wireless vehicular networks.