A Technique of Femtocell Searching in Next-Generation Mobile Communication Systems Using Synchronization Signals

Yeong Jun KIM  Tae Hwan HONG  Yong Soo CHO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E97-B   No.4   pp.817-825
Publication Date: 2014/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E97.B.817
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
femtocell,  cell search,  common signal,  synchronization signal,  LTE,  

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In this paper, a new technique is proposed to reduce the frequency of cell search by user equipment (UE) in the presence of femtocells. A new common signal (CS) and a separate set of primary synchronization signals (PSSs) are employed to facilitate efficient cell search in a next-geration LTE-based system. The velocity of the UE is also utilized to determine cell search mode. A slow UE recognizes the presence of femtocells using the CS, so that it can make separate searches for macrocells and femtocells. A fast UE will not search for femtocells since the coverage of femtocells is restricted to a small region. The fast UE detects the macrocell boundary using the PSSs transmitted from neighboring macrocells, so that it can search for macrocells only at the macrocell boundary. The effects of CS and UE velocity on the number of cell searches are analyzed. The performance of the proposed technique is evaluated by computer simulations.