Magnetic Field Homogeneity of Birdcage Coil for 4T MRI System with No Lumped Circuit Elements

Ryotaro SUGA  Kazuyuki SAITO  Masaharu TAKAHASHI  Koichi ITO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E97-B   No.4   pp.791-797
Publication Date: 2014/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E97.B.791
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
Keyword: 
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI),  birdcage coil,  finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method,  biological tissue-equivalent phantom,  

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Summary: 
In recent years, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems that operate up to under 3T are being used in clinical practice in Japan. In order to achieve the requirements of higher image quality and shorter imaging times, devices that utilize high magnetic fields (> 3T) and high power electromagnetic (EM) wave pulses have been developed. The rise of the static magnetic field is proportional to the increase of the EM wave frequency which raises the issue of variation in capacitance used in the radio frequency (RF) coil for MRI system. In addition, increasing power causes problems of withstanding voltage and these approaches leads to generation of non-uniform magnetic field inside the RF coil. Therefore, we proposed a birdcage coil without the use of lumped circuit elements for MRI systems in previous study. However, it is difficult to fabricate this birdcage coil. Hence, simply-structured birdcage coil with no lumped circuit elements is desired. In this paper, we propose a simply-structured birdcage coil with no lumped circuit elements for a 4T MRI system. In addition, the authors investigated the input impedance and magnetic field distribution of the proposed coil by FDTD calculations and measurements. The results confirm that the proposed birdcage coil matches the performance of the conventional birdcage coil which includes several capacitors.