Performance Evaluation on RSSI-Based Wireless Capsule Endoscope Location Tracking with Particle Filter

Takahiro ITO
Daisuke ANZAI
Jianqing WANG

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E97-B    No.3    pp.579-586
Publication Date: 2014/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E97.B.579
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Information and Communication Technology for Medical and Healthcare Applications in Conjunction with Main Topics of ISMICT2013)
implant BANs,  localization,  tracking,  RSSI,  maximum likelihood estimation,  finite impulse response filter,  particle filter,  

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Tracking capsule endoscope location is one of the promising applications offered by implant body area networks (BANs). When tracking the capsule endoscope location, i.e., continuously localize it, it is effective to take the weighted sum of its past locations to its present location, in other words, to low-pass filter its past locations. Furthermore, creating an exact mathematical model of location transition will improve tracking performance. Therefore, in this paper, we investigate two tracking methods with received signal strength indicator (RSSI)-based localization in order to solve the capsule endoscope location tracking problem. One of the two tracking methods is finite impulse response (FIR) filter-based tracking, which tracks the capsule endoscope location by averaging its past locations. The other one is particle filter-based tracking in order to deal with a nonlinear transition model on the capsule endoscope. However, the particle filter requires that the particle weight is calculated according to its condition (namely, its likelihood value), while the transition model on capsule endoscope location has some model parameters which cannot be estimated from the received wireless signal. Therefore, for the purpose of applying the particle filter to capsule endoscope tracking, this paper makes some modifications in the resampling step of the particle filter algorithm. Our computer simulation results demonstrate that the two tracking methods can improve the performance as compared with the conventional maximum likelihood (ML) localization. Furthermore, we confirm that the particle filter-based tracking outperforms the conventional FIR filter-based tracking by taking the realistic capsule endoscope transition model into consideration.