A Partially-Corporate Feed Double-Layer Waveguide Slot Array with the Sub-Arrays also Fed in Alternating-Phases

Miao ZHANG  Jiro HIROKAWA  Makoto ANDO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E97-B   No.2   pp.469-475
Publication Date: 2014/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E97.B.469
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
Keyword: 
alternating-phase feed,  partially-corporate feed,  double-layer waveguide slot array,  diffusion bonding,  slot coupler,  standing-wave excitation,  compound slot,  

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Summary: 
As a promising lamination-loss-free fabrication technique, diffusion bonding of etched thin metal plates is used to realize double-layer waveguide slot antennas. Alternating-phase feed is adopted in this paper to reduce the number of laminated plates to simplify fabrication as well as to reduce cost. A 20 × 20-element double-layer waveguide slot antenna with a bottom partially-corporate feed circuit is designed for 39GHz band operation as an example. The adjacent radiating waveguides as well as the 2 × 2 sub-arrays fed in an alternating-phase manner eliminate the need for complete electrical contact in the top layer. However, the feed circuit in the bottom layer has to be completely diffusion-bonded. These two layers are simply assembled by screws. An antenna laminated by only diffusion bonding is also fabricated and evaluated for comparison. The comparison proved that the simply fabricated antenna is comparable in performance to the fully diffusion-bonded one.