Methods of Estimating Return-Path Capacitance in Electric-Field Intrabody Communication


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E97-B   No.1   pp.114-121
Publication Date: 2014/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E97.B.114
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
capacitance,  return-path,  human body,  earth ground,  intrabody communication,  attenuation factor,  

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This paper describes a very accurate method of estimating the return-path-capacitance and validates the estimation based on low-error measurements for electric-field intrabody communication. The return-path capacitance, Cg, of a mobile transceiver is estimated in two ways. One uses the attenuation factor in transmission and capacitance, Cb, between a human body and the earth ground. The other uses the attenuation factor in reception. To avoid the influence of the lead wire in the estimation of Cb, Cb is estimated from the attenuation factor measured with an amplifier with a low input capacitance. The attenuation factor in reception is derived by using the applied-voltage dependence of the reception rate. This way avoids the influence of any additional instruments on the return-path capacitance and allows that capacitance to be estimated under the same condition as actual intrabody communication. The estimates obtained by the two methods agree well with each other, which means that the estimation of Cb is valid. The results demonstrate the usefulness of the methods.