Multicast Transmission Access Control Methods for Various Wireless LAN Applications

Toshiyuki OGAWA  Takefumi HIRAGURI  Kentaro NISHIMORI  Hideaki YOSHINO  Kenya JIN'NO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E97-B   No.11   pp.2534-2542
Publication Date: 2014/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E97.B.2534
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Terrestrial Wireless Communication/Broadcasting Technologies
Interference wave,  multicast transmission,  packet collision,  packet loss,  WLAN,  

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In this paper, we propose an access control protocol method that maintains the communication quality of various applications and reduces packet loss of multicasts in wireless local area networks. Multicast transmission may facilitate effective bandwidth use because packets are simultaneously delivered to more than one mobile station by a single transmission. However, because multicast transmissions does not have a retransmission function, communication quality deteriorates because of packet collisions and interference waves from other systems. Moreover, although multicasts are not considered, the communication quality of each application is guaranteed by a priority control method known as enhanced distributed channel access in IEEE802.11e. The proposed method avoids both these issues. Specifically, because the proposed method first transmits the clear-to-send-to-self frame, the multicast packet avoids collision with the unicast packet. We validate the proposed method by computer simulation in an environment with traffic congestion and interference waves. The results show a reduction in multicast packet loss of approximately 20% and a higher multicast throughput improvement compared to conventional methods. Moreover, the proposed method can assure improve multicast communication quality without affecting other applications.