Adaptive Band Activity Ratio Control with Cascaded Energy Allocation for Amplify-and-Forward OFDM Relay Systems

Quang Thang DUONG
Shinsuke IBI
Seiichi SAMPEI

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E97-B    No.11    pp.2424-2434
Publication Date: 2014/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E97.B.2424
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
dynamic spectrum control,  spectral efficiency,  amplify-and-forward,  transmit energy constraint,  OFDM,  energy allocation,  convex optimization,  DCMC capacity,  CCMC capacity,  

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This paper proposes an adaptive band activity ratio control (ABC) with cascaded energy allocation (CEA) scheme to improve end-to-end spectral efficiency for two-hop amplify-and-forward orthogonal frequency division multiplexing relay systems under transmit energy constraint. Subchannel pairing (SP) based spectrum mapping maps spectral components transmitted over high gain subchannels in the source-to-relay link onto high gain subchannels of the relay-to-destination link to improve the spectral efficiency. However, SP suffers from a frame efficiency reduction due to the notification of information of spectral component order. To compensate for the deficiency of SP, the proposed scheme employs dynamic spectrum control with ABC in which spectral components are mapped onto subchannels having high channel gain in each link, while band activity ratio (BAR) is controlled to an optimal value, which is smaller than 1, so that all spectral components are transmitted over relatively high gain subchannels of the two links. To further improve the performance, energy allocation at the source node and the relay node is serially conducted based on convex optimization, and BAR is controlled to improve discrete-input continuous-output memoryless channel capacity at the relay node. In the proposed scheme, since only information of BAR needs to be notified, the notification overhead is drastically reduced compared to that in SP based spectrum mapping. Numerical analysis confirms that the proposed ABC combined with CEA significantly reduces the required notification overhead while achieving almost the same frame error rate performance compared with the SP based scheme.