Efficient Parallel Interference Cancellation MIMO Detector for Software Defined Radio on GPUs

Rongchun LI  Yong DOU  Jie ZHOU  Chen CHEN  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E97-A   No.6   pp.1388-1395
Publication Date: 2014/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E97.A.1388
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Digital Signal Processing
Keyword: 
GPU,  SDR,  MIMO detector,  parallel interference cancellation (PIC),  

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Summary: 
The parallel interference cancellation (PIC) multiple input multiple output (MIMO) detection algorithm has bit error ratio (BER) performance comparable to the maximum likelihood (ML) algorithm but with complexity close to the simple linear detection algorithm such as zero forcing (ZF), minimum mean squared error (MMSE), and successive interference cancellation (SIC), etc. However, the throughput of PIC MIMO detector on central processing unit (CPU) cannot meet the requirement of wireless protocols. In order to reach the throughput required by the standards, the graphics processing unit (GPU) is exploited in this paper as the modem processor to accelerate the processing procedure of PIC MIMO detector. The parallelism of PIC algorithm is analyzed and the two-stage PIC detection is carefully developed to efficiently match the multi-core architecture. Several optimization methods are employed to enhance the throughput, such as the memory optimization and asynchronous data transfer. The experiment shows that our MIMO detector has excellent BER performance and the peak throughput is 337.84 Mega bits per second (Mbps), about 7x to 16x faster than that of CPU implementation with SSE2 optimization methods. The implemented MIMO detector has better computing throughput than recent GPU-based implementations.