A Flash TDC with 2.6-4.2ps Resolution Using a Group of UnbalancedCMOS Arbiters

Satoshi KOMATSU  Takahiro J. YAMAGUCHI  Mohamed ABBAS  Nguyen Ngoc MAI KHANH  James TANDON  Kunihiro ASADA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E97-A   No.3   pp.777-780
Publication Date: 2014/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E97.A.777
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section LETTER (Special Section on Analog Circuit Techniques and Related Topics)
Category: 
Keyword: 
flash TDC,  arbiter,  slope control,  

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Summary: 
This paper proposes a new flash time-to-digital converter (TDC) circuit which exploits unbalanced arbiters to integrate intrinsic delay offsets into the decision elements. The unbalanced arbiters are implemented with cross-coupled standard NAND cells and the combination of the NAND cells decides the timing offset between two input signals. Simulations and measurements are conducted to validate the new circuit, which provides variable time difference ranges by controlling the slope of input signals. Since the proposed flash TDC uses only NAND cells in a standard cell library for the arbiters which easily enables the TDC to be used as a soft macro in a typical digital circuit design flow.