Performance Analysis of MIMO/FSO Systems Using SC-QAM Signaling over Atmospheric Turbulence Channels

Trung HA DUYEN  Anh T. PHAM  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E97-A   No.1   pp.49-56
Publication Date: 2014/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E97.A.49
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Wideband Systems)
Category: Foundations
free-space optical (FSO) communications,  multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO),  subcarrier quadrature-amplitude modulation (SC-QAM),  atmospheric turbulence,  channel capacity,  

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We theoretically study the performance of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) free-space optical (FSO) systems using subcarrier quadrature modulation (SC-QAM) signaling. The system average symbol-error rate (ASER) is derived taking into account the atmospheric turbulence effects on the MIMO/FSO channel, which is modeled by log-normal and the gamma-gamma distributions for weak and moderate-to-strong turbulence conditions. We quantitatively discuss the influence of index of refraction structure parameter, link distance, and different MIMO configurations on the system ASER. We also analytically derive and discuss the MIMO/FSO average (ergodic) channel capacity (ACC), which is expressed in terms of average spectral efficiency (ASE), under the impact of various channel conditions. Monte Carlo simulations are also performed to validate the mathematical analysis, and a good agreement between numerical and simulation results is confirmed.