Unified Coprocessor Architecture for Secure Key Storage and Challenge-Response Authentication

Koichi SHIMIZU  Daisuke SUZUKI  Toyohiro TSURUMARU  Takeshi SUGAWARA  Mitsuru SHIOZAKI  Takeshi FUJINO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E97-A   No.1   pp.264-274
Publication Date: 2014/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E97.A.264
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Cryptography and Information Security)
Category: Hardware Based Security
Keyword: 
Physical Unclonable Function,  PUF,  Glitch PUF,  Physical Random Number Generator,  Spartan-3A,  Spartan-6,  

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Summary: 
In this paper we propose a unified coprocessor architecture that, by using a Glitch PUF and a block cipher, efficiently unifies necessary functions for secure key storage and challenge-response authentication. Based on the fact that a Glitch PUF uses a random logic for the purpose of generating glitches, the proposed architecture is designed around a block cipher circuit such that its round functions can be shared with a Glitch PUF as a random logic. As a concrete example, a circuit structure using a Glitch PUF and an AES circuit is presented, and evaluation results for its implementation on FPGA are provided. In addition, a physical random number generator using the same circuit is proposed. Evaluation results by the two major test suites for randomness, NIST SP 800-22 and Diehard, are provided, proving that the physical random number generator passes the test suites.