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Real-Time MAC Protocol Based on Coding-Black-Burst in Wireless Sensor Networks
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
Publication Date: 2014/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Communication Theory and Signals
real-time, MAC, Black-Burst, WSN,
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In this paper, a real-time medium access control (MAC) protocol based on a coding-black-burst mechanism with low latency and high energy efficiency is proposed for wireless sensor networks. The Black-Burst (BB) mechanism is used to provide real-time access. However, when the traffic load is heavy, BB will cause a lot of energy loss and latency due to its large length. A binary coding mechanism is applied to BB in our coding-black-burst-based protocol to reduce the energy consumption and latency by at least (L-2(log2 L+1)) for L-length BB. The new mechanism also gives priority to the real-time traffic with longer waiting delays to access the channel. The theoretical analysis and simulation results indicate that our protocol provides low end-to-end delay and high energy efficiency for real-time communication.