Pedestrian Detection by Using a Spatio-Temporal Histogram of Oriented Gradients

Chunsheng HUA  Yasushi MAKIHARA  Yasushi YAGI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E96-D   No.6   pp.1376-1386
Publication Date: 2013/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.E96.D.1376
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Image Recognition, Computer Vision
spatio-temporal gradients,  AdaBoost,  pedestrian detection,  

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In this paper, we propose a pedestrian detection algorithm based on both appearance and motion features to achieve high detection accuracy when applied to complex scenes. Here, a pedestrian's appearance is described by a histogram of oriented spatial gradients, and his/her motion is represented by another histogram of temporal gradients computed from successive frames. Since pedestrians typically exhibit not only their human shapes but also unique human movements generated by their arms and legs, the proposed algorithm is particularly powerful in discriminating a pedestrian from a cluttered situation, where some background regions may appear to have human shapes, but their motion differs from human movement. Unlike the algorithm based on a co-occurrence feature descriptor where significant generalization errors may arise owing to the lack of extensive training samples to cover feature variations, the proposed algorithm describes the shape and motion as unique features. These features enable us to train a pedestrian detector in the form of a spatio-temporal histogram of oriented gradients using the AdaBoost algorithm with a relatively small training dataset, while still achieving excellent detection performance. We have confirmed the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm through experiments on several public datasets.