Secure and Lightweight Localization Method for Wireless Sensor Networks

Myung-Ho PARK  Ki-Gon NAM  Jin Seok KIM  Dae Hyun YUM  Pil Joong LEE  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E96-D   No.3   pp.723-726
Publication Date: 2013/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.E96.D.723
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Information Network
security,  wireless sensor networks,  secure localization,  algorithms,  

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With the increased deployment of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) in location-based services, the need for accurate localization of sensor nodes is gaining importance. Sensor nodes in a WSN localize themselves with the help of anchors that know their own positions. Some anchors may be malicious and provide incorrect information to the sensor nodes. In this case, accurate localization of a sensor node may be severely affected. In this study, we propose a secure and lightweight localization method. In the proposed method, uncertainties in the estimated distance between the anchors and a sensor node are taken into account to improve localization accuracy. That is, we minimize the weighted summation of the residual squares. Simulation results show that our method is very effective for accurate localization of sensor nodes. The proposed method can accurately localize a sensor node in the presence of malicious anchors and it is computationally efficient.