Dynamically Constrained Vector Field Convolution for Active Contour Model

Guoqi LIU  Zhiheng ZHOU  Shengli XIE  Dongcheng WU  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E96-D   No.11   pp.2500-2503
Publication Date: 2013/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.E96.D.2500
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Image Recognition, Computer Vision
active contour model,  vector field convolution,  correlation,  snakes,  image segmentation,  

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Vector field convolution (VFC) provides a successful external force for an active contour model. However, it fails to extract the complex geometries, especially the deep concavity when the initial contour is set outside the object or the concave region. In this letter, dynamically constrained vector field convolution (DCVFC) external force is proposed to solve this problem. In DCVFC, the indicator function with respect to the evolving contour is introduced to restrain the correlation of external forces generated by different edges, and the forces dynamically generated by complex concave edges gradually make the contour move to the object. On the other hand, traditional vector field, a component of the proposed DCVFC, makes the evolving contour stop at the object boundary. The connections between VFC and DCVFC are also analyzed. DCVFC maintains desirable properties of VFC, such as robustness to initialization. Experimental results demonstrate that DCVFC snake provides a much better segmentation than VFC snake.