Region-Based Way-Partitioning on L1 Data Cache for Low Power

Zhong ZHENG  Zhiying WANG  Li SHEN  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E96-D   No.11   pp.2466-2469
Publication Date: 2013/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.E96.D.2466
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Computer System
Keyword: 
cache,  low power,  region-based,  way-partitioning,  

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Summary: 
Power consumption has become a critical factor for embedded systems, especially for battery powered ones. Caches in these systems consume a large portion of the whole chip power. Embedded systems usually adopt set-associative caches to get better performance. However, parallel accessed cache ways incur more energy dissipation. This paper proposed a region-based way-partitioning scheme to reduce cache way access, and without sacrificing performance, to reduce the cache power consumption. The stack accesses and non-stack accesses are isolated and redirected to different ways of the L1 data cache. Under way-partitioning, cache way accesses are reduced, as well as the memory reference interference. Experimental results show that the proposed approach could save around 27.5% of L1 data cache energy on average, without significant performance degradation.