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A 250 Msps, 0.5 W eDRAM-Based Search Engine Dedicated Low Power FIB Application
Hisashi IWAMOTO Yuji YANO Yasuto KURODA Koji YAMAMOTO Kazunari INOUE Ikuo OKA
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics
Publication Date: 2013/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Integrated Electronics
router, address lookup, power consumption, search engine, TCAM, low power,
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Ternary content addressable memory (TCAM) is popular LSI for use in high-throughput forwarding engines on routers. However, the unique structure applied in TCAM consume huge amounts of power, therefore it restricts the ability to handle large lookup table capacity in IP routers. In this paper, we propose a commodity-memory based hardware architecture for the forwarding information base (FIB) application that solves the substantial problems of power and density. The proposed architecture is examined by a fabricated test chip with 40 nm embedded DRAM (eDRAM) technology, and the effect of power reduction verified is greatly lower than conventional TCAM based and the energy metric achieve 0.01 fJ/bit/search. The power consumption is almost 0.5 W at 250 Msps and 8M entries.