A 5.6-GHz 1-V Low Power Balanced Colpitts VCO in 0.18-µm CMOS Process

Jhin-Fang HUANG  Wen-Cheng LAI  Kun-Jie HUANG  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E96-C   No.6   pp.942-945
Publication Date: 2013/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E96.C.942
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: BRIEF PAPER
Category: Electronic Circuits
Keyword: 
voltage controlled oscillator,  colpitts VCO,  complementary cross-coupled VCO,  

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Summary: 
A 5.6-GHz 1-V balanced LC-tank Colpitts voltage controlled oscillator is designed and implemented with a TSMC 0.18-µm CMOS process. This proposed Colpitts VCO circuit adopts two single-ended complementary LC-tank VCOs coupled by two pairs of varactors. The proposed VCO operates at low power consumption because it has the same dc current path as the np-MOSFETs. The Measured results of the proposed VCO achieve tuning range of 670 MHz from 5.23 to 5.9 GHz while the controlled voltage is tuned from 0 to 1-V, phase noise of -118.8 dBc/Hz at 1 MHz offset frequency from the carrier of 5.6 GHz and output power of -10.97 dBm at the supply voltage of 1 V. The power consumption of the core circuit is 1.79 mW and the chip area including pads is 0.451 (0.55 0.82) mm2.