Advanced Millimeter-Wave Radar System to Detect Pedestrians and Vehicles by Using Coded Pulse Compression and Adaptive Array

Takaaki KISHIGAMI  Tadashi MORITA  Hirohito MUKAI  Maiko OTANI  Yoichi NAKAGAWA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E96-B    No.9    pp.2313-2322
Publication Date: 2013/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E96.B.2313
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Sensing
radar,  millimeter-wave,  pulse compression,  direction of arrival,  DOA,  intelligent transport system,  ITS,  

Full Text: PDF(7.3MB)>>
Buy this Article

This paper reports an advanced millimeter-wave radar system to enable detection of vehicles and pedestrians in wide areas around the radar site such as an intersection. We focus on a pulse coding scheme using complementary codes to reduce range sidelobe for discriminating vehicles from pedestrians with high accuracy. In order to suppress sidelobe increase created by RF circuit imperfections, a π/2 shift pulse modulation method with a complementary code pair cycle is presented. Moreover, in order to improve the angular resolution, a high-resolution direction of arrival estimation involving Tx beam scanning is presented. Experiments on a prototype confirm its range sidelobe suppression exceeds 40dB and its angular resolution is 5° for two human's separation at the distance of about 10m in an anechoic chamber. In a trial intersection experiment, a pedestrian detection rate of 95% was achieved at the false alarm rate of 10% in the range from 5m to 40m. The results prove the system's feasibility for future automotive safety application.