Analysis of Cell Range Expansion with TDM ICIC in Heterogeneous Cellular Networks

Weiqiang LIU
Xiaohui CHEN
Weidong WANG

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E96-B    No.7    pp.1865-1873
Publication Date: 2013/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E96.B.1865
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
cell range expansion,  heterogeneous cellular networks,  inter-cell interference coordination,  LTE-Advanced,  

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This work investigates the cell range expansion (CRE) possible with time-domain multiplexing inter-cell interference coordination (TDM ICIC) in heterogeneous cellular networks (HCN). CRE is proposed to enable a user to connect to a picocell even when it is not the cell with the strongest received power. However, the users in the expanded region suffer severe interference from the macrocells. To alleviate the cross-tier interference, TDM ICIC is proposed to improve the SIR of pico users. In contrast to previous studies on CRE with TDM ICIC, which rely mostly on simulations, we give theoretical analysis results for different types of users in HCN with CRE and TDM ICIC under the Poisson Point Process (PPP) model, especially for the users in the expanded region of picocells. We analyze the outage probability and average ergodic rate based on the connect probability and statistical distance we obtain in advance. Furthermore, we analyze the optimal ratio of almost blank subframes (ABS) and bias factor of picocells in terms of the network fairness, which is useful in the parameter design of a two-tier HCN.