Performance Evaluation of Interference-Aware Multi-Cell Beamforming for an Overlapping Cells Environment


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E96-B   No.6   pp.1492-1501
Publication Date: 2013/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E96.B.1492
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
MIMO,  multi-cell beamforming,  inter-cell interference (ICI),  WLAN,  decentralized control scheme,  

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As wireless LAN systems become more widespread, the number of access points (APs) is increasing. A large number of APs cause overlapping cells where nearby cells utilize the same frequency channel. In the overlapping cells, inter-cell interference (ICI) degrades the throughput. This paper proposes an interference-aware multi-cell beamforming (IMB) technique to reduce the throughput degradation in the overlapping cells. The IMB technique improves transmission performance better than conventional multi-cell beamforming based on a decentralized control scheme. The conventional technique mitigates ICI by nullifying all the interference signal space (ISS) by beamforming, but the signal spaces to the user terminal (UT) is also limited because the degree of freedom (DoF) at the AP is limited. On the other hand, the IMB technique increases the signal space to the UT because the DoF at the AP is increased by selecting the ISS by allowing a small amount of ICI. In addition, we introduce a method of selecting the ISS in a decentralized control scheme. In our work, we analyze the interference channel state information (CSI) and evaluate the transmission performance of the IMB technique by using a measured CSI in an actual indoor environment. As a result, we find that the IMB technique becomes more effective as the number of UT antennas in nearby cells increases.