Robust and Accurate Image Expansion Algorithm Based on Double Scattered Range Points Migration for UWB Imaging Radars

Shouhei KIDERA

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E96-B    No.4    pp.1061-1069
Publication Date: 2013/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E96.B.1061
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Sensing
UWB radar,  double scattered wave,  shadow region imaging,  range points migration (RPM),  

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UWB (Ultra Wideband) radar offers great promise for advanced near field sensors due to its high range resolution. In particular, it is suitable for rescue or resource exploration robots, which need to identify a target in low visibility or acoustically harsh environments. Recently, radar algorithms that actively coordinate multiple scattered components have been developed to enhance the imaging range beyond what can be achieved by synthesizing a single scattered component. Although we previously developed an accurate algorithm for imaging shadow regions with low computational complexity using derivatives of observed ranges for double scattered signals, the algorithm yields inaccurate images under the severe interference situations that occur with complex-shaped or multiple objects or in noisy environments. This is because small range fluctuations arising from interference or random noises can produce non-negligible image degradation owing to inaccuracy in the range derivative calculation. As a solution to this difficulty, this paper proposes a novel imaging algorithm that does not use the range derivatives of doubly scattered signals, and instead extracts a feature of expansive distributions of the observed ranges, using a unique property inherent to the doubly scattering mechanism. Numerical simulation examples of complex-shaped or multiple targets are presented to demonstrate the distinct advantage of the proposed algorithm which creates more accurate images even for complicated objects or in noisy situations.