On the Study of a Novel Decision Feedback Equalizer with Block Delay Detection for Joint Transceiver Optimization

Chun-Hsien WU  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E96-B   No.3   pp.737-748
Publication Date: 2013/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E96.B.737
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Transmission Systems and Transmission Equipment for Communications
delay detection,  MMSE,  joint transceiver design,  oblique projection,  precoder,  ZF,  

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This paper presents a novel decision feedback equalizer (DFE) with block delay detection for the joint transceiver design that uses channel state information (CSI). The block delay detection in the proposed DFE offers a degree of freedom for optimizing the precoder of the transmitter, provided the transmission power is constrained. In the proposed DFE, the feedforward matrix is devised to enable a block-based equalizer that can be cooperated with an intrablock decision feedback equalizer for suppressing the intersymbol interference (ISI) for the transmitted block with a certain block delay. In this design, the interblock interference (IBI) for the delay block is eliminated in advance by applying the recently developed oblique projection framework to the implementation of the feedforward matrix. With knowledge of full CSI, the block delay and the associated block-based precoder are jointly designed such that the average bit-error-rate (BER) is minimized, subject to the transmission power constraint. Separate algorithms are derived for directly determining the BER-minimized block delays for intrablock minimum mean-squared error (MMSE) and zero-forcing (ZF) equalization criteria. Theoretical derivations indicate that the proposed MMSE design simultaneously maximize the Gaussian mutual information of a transceiver, even under the cases of existing IBI. Simulation results validate the proposed DFE for devising an optimum transceiver with CSI, and show the superior BER performance of the optimized transceiver using proposed DFE. Relying on analytic results and simulation cases also builds a sub-optimum MMSE design of the proposed DFE using the BER-minimized block delay for ZF criterion, which exhibits almost identical BER performance as the proposed MMSE design in most of the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) range.