Utility Based Cross-Layer Resource Allocation in Multiuser OFDM-Based Cognitive Radio Systems

Errong PEI  Xiaorong JING  Fang CHENG  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E96-B   No.2   pp.677-680
Publication Date: 2013/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E96.B.677
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Terrestrial Wireless Communication/Broadcasting Technologies
cognitive radio,  multiuser OFDM,  utility function,  convex optimization,  resource allocation,  

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In OFDM-based cognitive radio systems, due to the out-of-band leakage from the secondary transmission, the interference to primary users must be considered in order to guarantee the quality of service of the primary transmission. For multiuser cognitive radio systems, there exist two crucial issues in resource allocation: fairness and efficiency, in order to balance the two issues, we proposed a new utility-based cross-layer resource allocation algorithm, which can not only control the interference to primary users caused by secondary users, but also balance the spectral efficiency and fairness among cognitive users. Further, the optimal NP-hard resource allocation problem in multiuser OFDM-based systems is reduced to the sub-optimal solution by dividing the original problem into the subcarrier allocation problem and the power allocation problem. It is shown that the proposed algorithm can obtain the best performance in terms of the average rate or the utility among existing algorithms, and at the same time, all the users obtain fair resource allocation.