Network Designs for Cycle-Attack-Free Logical-Tree Topologies in Optical CDM Networks

Tatsuya FUKUDA  Ken-ichi BABA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E96-B   No.12   pp.3070-3079
Publication Date: 2013/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E96.B.3070
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Fiber-Optic Transmission for Communications
Keyword: 
cycle attack,  multiaccess interference (MAI),  optical code division multiplexing (OCDM),  optical cross-connect (OXC),  wavelength-routed optical network (WRON),  

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Summary: 
Optical Code Division Multiplexing (OCDM) is a multiplexing technology for constructing future all-optical networks. Compared with other multiplexing technologies, it can be easily controlled and can establish lightpaths of smaller granularity. However, previous research has revealed that OCDM networks are vulnerable to cycle attacks. Cycle attacks are caused by multi-access interference (MAI), which is crosstalk noise on the same wavelength in OCDM networks. If cycle attacks occur, they disrupt all network services immediately. Previous research has proposed a logical topology design that is free of cycle attacks. However, this design assumes that path assignment is centrally controlled. It also does not consider the delay between each node and the centralized controller. In this paper, we propose novel logical topology designs that are free of cycle attacks and methods of establishing paths. The basic concepts underlying our methods are to autonomously construct a cycle-attack-free logical topology and to establish lightpaths by using a distributed controller. Our methods can construct a logical network and establish lightpaths more easily than the previous method can. In addition, they have network scalability because of their distributed control. Simulation results show that our methods have lower loss probabilities than the previous method and better mean hop counts than the centralized control approach.