Effective Barrier Coverage Constructions for Improving Border Security in Wireless Sensor Networks

Manato FUJIMOTO  Hayato OZAKI  Takuya SUZUKI  Hiroaki KOYAMASHITA  Tomotaka WADA  Kouichi MUTSUURA  Hiromi OKADA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E96-B   No.12   pp.3007-3016
Publication Date: 2013/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E96.B.3007
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Network and System Technologies for Sustainable Society)
wireless sensor networks,  barrier coverage,  border security,  ZigBee,  

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Recently, the border security systems attract attention as large-scale monitoring system in wireless sensor networks (WSNs). In the border security systems whose aim is the monitoring of illegal immigrants and the information management in long-period, it deploys a lot of sensor nodes that have the communication and sensing functions in the detection area. Hence, the border security systems are necessary to reduce the power consumption of the whole system in order to extend the system lifetime and accurately monitor the track of illegal immigrants. In this paper, we propose two effective barrier coverage construction methods by switch dynamically operation modes of sensor nodes to reduce the operating time of the sensing function that wastes a lot of power consumption. We carry out performance evaluations by computer simulations to show the effectiveness of two proposed methods and show that the proposed methods are suitable for the border security systems.