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A Resilient Video Streaming System Based on Location-Aware Overlapped Cluster Trees
Tomoki MOTOHASHI Akihiro FUJIMOTO Yusuke HIROTA Hideki TODE Koso MURAKAMI
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
Publication Date: 2013/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
P2P, live streaming, application level multicast, ALM,
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For real-time video streaming, tree-based Application Level Multicasts (ALMs) are effective with respect to transmission delay and jitter. In particular, multiple-tree ALMs can alleviate the inefficient use of upload bandwidth among the nodes. However, most conventional multiple-tree ALMs are constructed using a Distributed Hash Table (DHT). This causes considerable delay and consumes substantial network resources because the DHT, generally, does not take distances in the IP network into account. In addition, the network constructed by a DHT has poor churn resilience because the network needs to reconstruct all the substreams of the tree network. In this paper, we propose a construction method involving overlapped cluster trees for delivering streamed data that are churn resilient. In addition, these overlapped cluster trees can decrease both the delay and the consumption of network resources because the node-connecting process takes IP network distances into account. In the proposed method, clusters are divided or merged using their numbers of members to optimize cluster size. We evaluated the performance of the proposed method via extensive computer simulations. The results show that the proposed method is more effective than conventional multiple-tree ALMs.